Our research addresses complex public policy challenges, empowering stakeholders with case studies and white papers that are relevant, timely, and above all, useful.

The Healthcare PPP Guide

The PPP Healthcare Guide represents the Centre’s most essential core curriculum document. Developed by the PPP Initiative, it is a 135-page primer in the incentives, motivations, skills, and frameworks that underpin successful public-private partnerships. It represents the clearest distillation of PPPI’s 18 years of expertise in the study of healthcare PPPs.

Designed for public- and private-sector professionals alike, the Guide offers a clear message: with a solid understanding of the economic, political, and policy issues associated with complex healthcare challenges, the public and private sectors can use innovative partnerships to address these challenges effectively and sustainably.

White Papers

Lessons Learned: Healthcare PPP Case Studies and Forums in Asia

This 2018 white paper reflects on PPPI’s Case Development Program and on our series of Healthcare PPP Forums in China and Singapore. It touches on many key issues, including the necessity of case-based curricula for teaching PPP. The paper centers on three key recommendations involving the convergence of NCDs and eldercare, a flexible PPP model, and capacity-building for PPPs.

Mapping PPPs Across Countries (China and India)

This 2015 study was researched and published during PPP Initiative’s affiliation with Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies. Over the course of 18 months, a research team lead by Professor Trager and principal researcher Molly Guan identified China and India’s varying constraints and abilities to leverage PPP, using a data-driven approach. The study found that the two countries faced many similar challenges and three key hurdles: execution, financing and innovation.

Journal Publications

Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja.

Casady, C. B. and Peci, F. 2020. The Institutional Challenges of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) in Transition Economies: Lessons from Kosovo. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja.

Construction Management and Economics

Casady, C. B. and Baxter, D. 2020. Pandemics, Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs), and Force Majeure | COVID-19 Expectations and Implications. Construction Management and Economics, 38(12), 1077-1085.


Baxter, D. and Casady, C. B. (2020). A Coronavirus (COVID-19) Triage Framework for (Sub)National Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Programs. Sustainability, 12(13), 5253.

Baxter, D. and Casady, C. B. (2020). Proactive and Strategic Healthcare Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) in the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Epoch. Sustainability, 12(12), 5097.

Public Works Management and Policy

Casady, C. B. and Geddes, R. R. (2020). Asset Recycling for Social Infrastructure in the United States. Public Works Management and Policy, 25(3), 281-297.

Public Management Review

Casady, C. B. (2020). Examining the Institutional Drivers of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Market Performance: A Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA). Public Management Review.

Casady, C. B., Eriksson, K., Levitt, R. E., and Scott. W. R. (2020). (Re)Defining Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) in the New Public Governance (NPG) Paradigm: An Institutional Maturity Perspective. Public Management Review, 22(2), 161-183.

Background Paper

Potential Business Models that Involve Private Sector Support for National Responses in Preventing and Controlling NCDs

In 2019 and through 2020, Professor Trager served as a technical expert to the World Health Organization’s Independent High-level Commission on Non-Communicable Diseases. In support of Working Group Three, the PPP Initiative was commissioned to write this background paper, outlining the incentive structures that underpin successful Healthcare PPPs. The paper debuted in Geneva in Spring 2019.

Case Studies

Evidence-based case studies form the intellectual backbone of the Centre’s work. The case method allows students to engage with real-world examples, ensuring a more complete understanding of the factors that influence the design and function of successful PPPs. Importantly, the Centre’s selected case studies also reference a multitude of countries with drastically different cultures, norms, and forms of government, underscoring the importance of country context in PPPs.

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